The results of the survey on the children’s and their parents’ hygiene knowledge indicate that the level of their knowledge is quite low. Most of the information about the rules of dental-care parents receive from media (41%) or their friends (34%), popular scientific literature (22%) and only 3% – from the dentists. Children acquire hygienic knowledge and skills mostly from their parents, educators and teachers, and rarely from experts. Hygienic oral care is also unsatisfactory: only 38 % of adults brush their teeth twice a day. Talking about children, these figures are much worse: only 3% of 6-year-olds and 10% of 12-year-olds brush their teeth twice a day. 3.5% of parents, 40% of 6-year-olds and 20% of 12-year-olds don’t brush their teeth at all. 90% of parents do not control how well their children brush their teeth. Low level of oral hygiene among expectant mothers is also disturbing. 45% of pregnant women brush their teeth once per day, 22% do so from time to time, the rest, 33%, do not take proper care about their teeth at all. The experts know how difficult it is to persuade children and their parents to follow rules of oral hygiene, rinse their mouth after eating, especially sugary foods. Teaching patients dental care basics is based on their age and individual psychological characteristics. The dentist always clearly explains to the patient the peculiarities of his personal oral hygiene, application of certain products and makes sure that the patient can choose all the products correctly and repeat simple manipulations himself.
Catherine PARPALEY, assistant professor of pediatric dentistry Institute KMAPE them. PLShupi